Nonmetropolitan U.S. vs. Utah
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Nonmetropolitan U.S.:
2017 Population = 45,912,407
2017 Percent of State = 14.1%
Utah:
2017 Population = 3,101,833
2017 Percent of State = 1.0%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of the Nonmetropolitan U.S. with comparisons to Utah and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing the Nonmetropolitan U.S. vs. Utah's population growth over 1969-2017. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1969-2017
Population, 1969-2017
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s and Utah's annual population for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 49-year period, the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s population rose from 36,454,772 in 1969 to 45,912,407 in 2017, for a net gain of 9,457,635, or 25.9%. In comparison, Utah's population advanced from 1,047,000 in 1969 to 3,101,833 in 2017, for a net advance of 2,054,833, or 196.3%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 portrays the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Utah, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
The Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s overall population growth was 25.9% over 1969-2017 trailed Utah's increase of 196.3%, and fell below the United States' increase of 61.8%.
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1969-2017
Population as a Percent of the United States Total: 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the population growth of the Nonmetropolitan U.S. and Utah is to compare their individual percentage contributions to the United States' total population over time, as shown in Figure 3. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than the United States' population, while a declining share shows they grew more slowly.
In 1969, the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s population totaled 18.11% of the United States' population, while in 2017 it totaled 14.10% thereby yielding a -4.01% share-shift. Similarly, in 1969, Utah's population made up 0.52% of the United States' population, while in 2017 it consisted of 0.95%, resulting in a +0.43% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2017 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2017
vs.
1969
+0.43%
=
0.95%
-
0.52%
-4.01%
=
14.10%
-
18.11%
 
   
Nonmetropolitan U.S. Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Nonmetropolitan U.S. Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 4.
Figure 4 highlights the short-run pattern of the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s population grew at an annual rate of 0.48% over 1970-2017. The Nonmetropolitan U.S. posted its highest growth in 1971 (1.62%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1986 (-0.35%). In 2017, the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s population grew by 0.07%
Nonmetropolitan U.S. Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Nonmetropolitan U.S. Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Over the past four decades some nonmetropolitan regions have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again shows the annual percent change in the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s population since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s annual population growth rate averaged 1.08%. It averaged 0.17% throughout the 1980s, 0.77% throughout the 1990s, 0.33% in the 2000s, and -0.03% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for the Nonmetropolitan U.S. noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Utah and the nation. As the chart reveals, the Nonmetropolitan U.S.'s average annual population growth posted below Utah's average in the 1970s (1.08% vs. 3.07%), lagged Utah's average in the 1980s (0.17% vs. 1.88%), posted below Utah's average in the 1990s (0.77% vs. 2.59%), trailed Utah's average in the 2000s (0.33% vs. 2.14%), and fell below Utah's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (-0.03% vs. 1.64%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, the Nonmetropolitan U.S. lagged the nation during the 1970s (1.08% vs. 1.10%), fell below the nation throughout the 1980s (0.17% vs. 0.95%), trailed the nation over the 1990s (0.77% vs. 1.23%), fell below the nation in the 2000s (0.33% vs. 0.95%), and recorded underneath the nation over 2010-2017 (-0.03% vs. 0.75%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.48
1.08
0.17
0.77
0.33
-0.03
0.07
 
2.29
3.07
1.88
2.59
2.14
1.64
1.89
 
1.01
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.75
0.72
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Nonmetropolitan U.S.:
Population, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
36,454,772
100.0
N
18.11
1970
 
36,596,047
100.4
0.39
17.96
1971
 
37,190,110
102.0
1.62
17.98
1972
 
37,704,669
103.4
1.38
18.02
1973
 
38,050,401
104.4
0.92
18.00
1974
 
38,351,233
105.2
0.79
17.98
1975
 
38,914,131
106.7
1.47
18.06
1976
 
39,353,279
108.0
1.13
18.09
1977
 
39,816,742
109.2
1.18
18.12
1978
 
40,187,115
110.2
0.93
18.09
1979
 
40,576,711
111.3
0.97
18.07
1980
 
40,939,168
112.3
0.89
18.02
1981
 
41,189,231
113.0
0.61
17.95
1982
 
41,418,399
113.6
0.56
17.88
1983
 
41,571,010
114.0
0.37
17.78
1984
 
41,616,451
114.2
0.11
17.65
1985
 
41,541,183
114.0
-0.18
17.46
1986
 
41,395,747
113.6
-0.35
17.24
1987
 
41,284,765
113.2
-0.27
17.04
1988
 
41,267,451
113.2
-0.04
16.88
1989
 
41,285,178
113.3
0.04
16.73
1990
 
41,383,997
113.5
0.24
16.58
1991
 
41,730,118
114.5
0.84
16.50
1992
 
42,125,757
115.6
0.95
16.42
1993
 
42,561,643
116.8
1.03
16.37
1994
 
42,978,020
117.9
0.98
16.33
1995
 
43,421,503
119.1
1.03
16.31
1996
 
43,779,296
120.1
0.82
16.25
1997
 
44,085,535
120.9
0.70
16.17
1998
 
44,339,623
121.6
0.58
16.07
1999
 
44,560,777
122.2
0.50
15.97
2000
 
44,743,840
122.7
0.41
15.86
2001
 
44,700,275
122.6
-0.10
15.69
2002
 
44,817,949
122.9
0.26
15.58
2003
 
44,970,707
123.4
0.34
15.50
2004
 
45,149,566
123.9
0.40
15.42
2005
 
45,329,819
124.3
0.40
15.34
2006
 
45,588,480
125.1
0.57
15.28
2007
 
45,778,127
125.6
0.42
15.20
2008
 
45,942,241
126.0
0.36
15.11
2009
 
46,039,859
126.3
0.21
15.01
2010
 
46,144,723
126.6
0.23
14.92
2011
 
46,116,707
126.5
-0.06
14.80
2012
 
46,054,030
126.3
-0.14
14.67
2013
 
45,992,939
126.2
-0.13
14.54
2014
 
45,945,315
126.0
-0.10
14.42
2015
 
45,896,600
125.9
-0.11
14.30
2016
 
45,880,409
125.9
-0.04
14.19
2017
 
45,912,407
125.9
0.07
14.10
Source: Calculations by the Utah Regional Economic Analysis Project (UT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Utah:
Population, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
1,047,000
100.0
N
0.52
1970
 
1,065,672
101.8
1.78
0.52
1971
 
1,100,733
105.1
3.29
0.53
1972
 
1,134,601
108.4
3.08
0.54
1973
 
1,168,784
111.6
3.01
0.55
1974
 
1,198,793
114.5
2.57
0.56
1975
 
1,233,935
117.9
2.93
0.57
1976
 
1,272,365
121.5
3.11
0.58
1977
 
1,316,421
125.7
3.46
0.60
1978
 
1,364,235
130.3
3.63
0.61
1979
 
1,416,094
135.3
3.80
0.63
1980
 
1,472,595
140.6
3.99
0.65
1981
 
1,515,472
144.7
2.91
0.66
1982
 
1,558,314
148.8
2.83
0.67
1983
 
1,594,943
152.3
2.35
0.68
1984
 
1,622,342
155.0
1.72
0.69
1985
 
1,642,910
156.9
1.27
0.69
1986
 
1,662,833
158.8
1.21
0.69
1987
 
1,678,120
160.3
0.92
0.69
1988
 
1,689,372
161.4
0.67
0.69
1989
 
1,705,865
162.9
0.98
0.69
1990
 
1,731,223
165.4
1.49
0.69
1991
 
1,779,780
170.0
2.80
0.70
1992
 
1,836,799
175.4
3.20
0.72
1993
 
1,898,404
181.3
3.35
0.73
1994
 
1,960,446
187.2
3.27
0.75
1995
 
2,014,177
192.4
2.74
0.76
1996
 
2,067,976
197.5
2.67
0.77
1997
 
2,119,784
202.5
2.51
0.78
1998
 
2,165,960
206.9
2.18
0.79
1999
 
2,203,482
210.5
1.73
0.79
2000
 
2,244,502
214.4
1.86
0.80
2001
 
2,283,715
218.1
1.75
0.80
2002
 
2,324,815
222.0
1.80
0.81
2003
 
2,360,137
225.4
1.52
0.81
2004
 
2,401,580
229.4
1.76
0.82
2005
 
2,457,719
234.7
2.34
0.83
2006
 
2,525,507
241.2
2.76
0.85
2007
 
2,597,746
248.1
2.86
0.86
2008
 
2,663,029
254.3
2.51
0.88
2009
 
2,723,421
260.1
2.27
0.89
2010
 
2,775,260
265.1
1.90
0.90
2011
 
2,815,430
268.9
1.45
0.90
2012
 
2,854,222
272.6
1.38
0.91
2013
 
2,899,961
277.0
1.60
0.92
2014
 
2,938,671
280.7
1.33
0.92
2015
 
2,984,917
285.1
1.57
0.93
2016
 
3,044,321
290.8
1.99
0.94
2017
 
3,101,833
296.3
1.89
0.95
Source: Calculations by the Utah Regional Economic Analysis Project (UT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
201,298,000
100.0
N
1970
 
203,798,722
101.2
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
102.7
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
104.0
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
105.0
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
106.0
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
107.0
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
108.1
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
109.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
110.3
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
111.6
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
112.9
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
114.0
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
115.1
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
116.1
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
117.2
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
118.2
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
119.3
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
120.4
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
121.5
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
122.6
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
124.0
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
125.7
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
127.4
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
129.1
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
130.7
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
132.3
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
133.8
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
135.4
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
137.0
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
138.6
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
140.2
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
141.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
142.9
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
144.1
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
145.5
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
146.8
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
148.2
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
149.6
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
151.1
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
152.4
0.88
2010
 
309,338,421
153.7
0.84
2011
 
311,644,280
154.8
0.75
2012
 
313,993,272
156.0
0.75
2013
 
316,234,505
157.1
0.71
2014
 
318,622,525
158.3
0.76
2015
 
321,039,839
159.5
0.76
2016
 
323,405,935
160.7
0.74
2017
 
325,719,178
161.8
0.72
Source: Calculations by the Utah Regional Economic Analysis Project (UT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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